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    Brake system - Saab 9-3

    Instructions: http://saabworld.net/f69/saab-9-3-br...acement-25459/

    System overview

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    1. Brake pedal
    2. Servo unit
    3. Master cylinder
    4. Front brake caliper
    5. Rear brake caliper
    6. Brake disc

    The foot brake system is operated with the brake pedal and acts hydraulically on all wheels.
    When the brake pedal (1) is pressed, it acts mechanically via the servo unit (2) on two pistons
    in the master cylinder (3).

    The servo amplifies the outgoing pedal force and the increased pressure on the pistons in the
    master cylinder is conveyed simultaneously but divided into two hydraulic circuits to the front
    (4) and rear (5) wheel brakes. The brake calipers front and rear are self-adjusting, i.e. they
    continually compensate for wear in the brake pads.

    Depending on the version of the braking system, the rear brake discs are either solid or
    ventilated. Refer also to technical data Brake discs, Brake pads and Brake calipers.

    Brake circuits

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    The brake system is divided into a primary and secondary circuit. The primary circuit
    comprises the left front and right rear wheel brakes while the secondary circuit comprises the
    right front and left rear wheel brakes. At the wheel brakes, the brake pistons are pressed out
    and push the brake pads against the brake discs. If a brake circuit should fail due to leakage,
    for instance, braking power will still be available in the other circuit.

    System components

    The brake servo unit boosts the pressure on the brake pedal exerted by the driver when the
    brakes are applied. The extra power supplied by the servo unit is obtained from the difference
    between the vacuum in the engine intake manifold or the vacuum pump and atmospheric
    pressure. In order to achieve this servo assistance in a compact design, the servo unit has
    dual operating chambers.

    The brake servo unit includes the Mechanical Brake Assist (MBA) function which provides more
    powerful vacuum assistance during lower pedal pressure than previously available. This has
    been accomplished with modified control valve calibration for regulating vacuum/atmospheric
    pressure in the brake servo unit. At pedal pressures of 500 N, an output force of approx. 4200
    N is achieved compared with a normal force of 3000 N.

    The servo unit is attached to the intake manifold and vacuum pump by means of a hose. The
    servo unit consists of a metal casing, valve unit and dual diaphragms mounted between the
    brake pedal and master cylinder and is connected to them by pushrods. If the supply of
    vacuum to the servo unit is lost, the two pushrods act as a single pushrod. The brakes will
    then work conventionally without servo assistance but much greater pedal force will be

    The master brake cylinder, which is mounted on the brake servo unit, contains a secondary
    and primary piston. The brake fluid reservoir is fitted on the master cylinder with separate
    chambers for the primary and secondary circuits.
    In cars with a manual gearbox, the brake fluid reservoir serves as the reservoir for brake fluid
    used in clutch system. A brake fluid level switch is mounted on the brake fluid reservoir. The
    Level switch contains a float magnet which affects a reed element that closes an electric
    circuit and warns the driver regarding the condition.

    Vacuum pump, B207

    In order to ensure that negative pressure is available to the brake servo unit, the car contains
    a vacuum pump. The pump provides the brake servo unit with negative pressure when the
    engine cannot properly accommodate the requirement.

    The mechanical vacuum pump delivers maximum vacuum irrespective of engine rpm. This
    means that the pump, in certain situations, delivers more negative pressure than the system

    In a situation with an idling engine and a stationary car, the brake pedal may feel "soft" and
    sink somewhat lower than normal when applied. This is completely normal and will not affect
    braking force in a negative manner.

    The ring type pump, which is lubricated by the engine lubrication system, is mounted on the
    master cylinder and is driven by the exhaust camshaft. Since it is connected to the camshaft,
    the speed of the pump is half that of the engine and a negative pressure of 0.8 Kpa (0.8 bar)
    is produced continually for the brake system.

    Vacuum pump, B284

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    In a situation with an idling engine and a stationary car, the brake pedal may feel "soft" and
    sink somewhat lower than normal when applied. This is completely normal and will not affect
    braking force in a negative manner.

    Cars equipped with HFV6 are fitted with an electric vacuum pump and two connections to the
    intake manifold. One of them has a venturi for amplifying the brake vacuum.

    The electric pump is powered by +30 voltage via a relay. The relay in turn is governed by a
    pressure sensor located on the hose between the vacuum pump and the brake servo. This
    sensor comprises a diaphragm, spring, switch and check valve. The switch closes to start the
    pump at a pressure of 49 ±3 KPa. When the pressure reaches 42 ±3 Kpa, the switch will open
    and the pump stop.

    On the vacuum pipe between the electric vacuum pump and the brake servo unit is a Tcoupling.
    From this T-coupling, the pipe returns to the intake manifold where it divides to two
    connections. On one of the pipes, connected directly to the intake manifold, there is also a
    check valve.

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    1. Venturi
    2. Camshaft cover connection
    3. Brake servo connection
    4. Intake manifold connection
    5. Check valves
    6. Chamber
    7. Jet

    The venturi (1) has three connections. One of the venturi connections is held by barbs and is
    sealed with an O-ring. This is connected directly to the camshaft cover (2) on the rear cylinder
    bank. On the vacuum hose (4) that is connected to the intake manifold there is a check valve.
    The difference in pressure between the two connections provides an airflow through the jet (7).

    As the inlet in the jet is tapered, the speed of the passing air will be increased to create an
    ejector effect that increases the negative pressure in the hose connected to the brake servo
    (3). To prevent air flowing in the wrong direction through the chambers (6) to the brake
    servo, the venturi is equipped with check valves (5).

    Brake caliper

    Brake caliper, front
    The lightweight front brake caliper is manufactured with material which is a combination of
    aluminium and cast iron. The swinging caliper contains a hydraulic piston and two guide pins.

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    Brake caliper, rear
    The swinging rear brake caliper is manufactured with aluminium and contains a hydraulic
    piston and two guide pins. A mechanism for both the handbrake and self-adjustment are also

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    Attached Images Attached Images
    Last edited by nordwulf; 29 October 2010 at 17:45.



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